Truth

Lure of the Will to Believe     In claiming knowledge, we feel trapped between desiring certainty and a need to pursue the good.

What Makes It True?     Something  about our declaration allows us to claim it as true. That something is our claim’s warrant or justification. 

What Counts as Justification?      Two entirely different kinds of warrant support our truth claims. Each has its own methods of supporting our claims to truth, goodness, or beauty. But are they compatible?

Our Freedom Fetish   Since we are so in love with our freedom, we should take the time to learn what it is.

Lacking Definition     Scrambling the kind of warrant we appeal to in our truth claims also obscures the meanings of the simplest words we use in everyday declarations.

What Is the Virtual Circle?     Coherentist justifications demand the construction of a personalized web of mutually supportive truth claims with only one kind of justification.

Postmodernism’s Unsettling Disagreements     The virtual circle is rooted in the history of postmodernism, a history that defines its nature.

Pure, Poor Systems of Knowledge      Why neither side can win the coherence/correspondence argument.

Better, Blended Systems of Knowledge     We can escape neither the virtual nor the virtuous circle in building our understanding.

The Limits of Empirical Science   Empiricism is inextricably tangled in our moral crisis. How did that come about?

Expertise    In an age in which science is the royal road to truth, expertise leads in more directions. Its promise and perils.

Correlation, Causation, Motivation     Egotists judge all actions to be motivated by selfishness. In a similar vein postmodernists think all actions motivated by acquisition of power. Both are mistaken.

Eskimos Have Two Words for Snow    The more foundational our basic terms, the more difficult they become to define adequately. A proposal for some clarity.

Knowledge, Trust, and Belief   Belief is to doubt as trust is to knowledge.

Authority, Trust, Knowledge      It is difficult but not impossible to disentangle these three related terms.

Reductionism for Dummies     How a useful process became a pejorative term of dismissal.

Stereotypes and Categories     The act of categorization involves temptations difficult to resist.

One Postmodern Sentence     A sincere but failing attempt to find the meaning of a single postmodern sentence with larger implications.

Tangled Terms     Ordinary turns of phrase that turn out to reveal a confusion of warrant.

Tyranny of Rationality     There can be no “war of head and heart,” for we are inescapably rational to the core.

Awe   A rare sensation reveals secrets about the extent and limits of reason while it hints at deeper secrets.

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